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Isochronous (CW) Non-Scaling FFAGs: Design and Simulation


The drive for higher beam power, high duty cycle, and reliable beams at reasonable cost has focused international attention and design effort on fixed field accelerators, notably Fixed-Field Alternating Gradient accelerators (FFAGs). High-intensity GeV proton drivers encounter duty cycle and space-charge limits in the synchrotron and machine size concerns in the weaker-focusing cyclotrons. A 10-20 MW proton driver is challenging, if even technically feasible, with conventional accelerators - with the possible exception of a SRF linac, which has a large associated cost and footprint. Recently, the concept of isochronous orbits has been explored and developed for nonscaling FFAGs using powerful new methodologies in FFAG accelerator design and simulation. The property of isochronous orbits enables the simplicity of fixed RF and, by tailoring a nonlinear radial field profile, the FFAG can remain isochronous beyond the energy reach of cyclotrons, well into the relativistic regime. With isochronous orbits, the machine proposed here has the high average current advantage and duty cycle of the cyclotron in combination with the strong focusing, smaller losses, and energy variability that are more typical of the synchrotron. This paper reports on these new advances in FFAG accelerator technology and presents advanced modeling tools for fixed-field accelerators unique to the code COSY INFINITY.

C. Johnstone, M. Berz, K. Makino, P. Snopok, American Institute of Physics CP 1299 (2011) 682-687


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